Crioterapia: tutto quello che c'è da sapere

What is cryotherapy?

The beneficial effects of cold for the human body have been known for centuries, just think of the Kneipp path which, at least once in a lifetime, has reactivated the circulation of our legs. Today the so-called "cold therapy" is not carried out with large tubs with frozen water, nor with the use of ice itself: we are talking about cryotherapy.

Thanks to the technologies developed in recent years, cryotherapy treatments are carried out in cryosaunas at -140 °, through the use of liquid nitrogen transformed into air form, or in electric cryochambers at -110 ° in which the body is subjected to very low temperatures with almost zero percentages of humidity: a “dry” cold that is rarely found in nature.

What is cryotherapy used for?

Cryotherapy is used for muscle recovery and analgesic treatment, for the treatment of joint inflammation, periarthritis, neck pain, dislocations, rheumatism, chronic inflammation of the cervical vertebrae, muscle tears and strains, chronic pain, sports injuries, depression and other disorders mood… In addition, it is often used as a boost to improve athletic performance.

As for the world of beauty & wellness, this practice is exploited for its anti-aging and slimming properties.

Different cryotherapy treatments

Talking about cryotherapy, however, is excessively generic. There are three different types of cryotherapy treatment: localized, partial body and systemic.

Localized cryotherapy

As for localized cryotherapy, it is nothing more than the treatment applied directly to the injured part of the body such as a knee or ankle. This kind of cold therapy is useful in case of injuries because it allows you to intervene on the affected area by reducing bruises and bruises.

Partial body and systemic cryotherapy

Partial body cryotherapy and systemic cryotherapy are the most effective and innovative treatments, used both in sports for muscle recovery and to reduce pain in case of inflammation, injuries or trauma, and in the aesthetic field to keep the skin young, reduce the imperfections of cellulite and promote the weight loss of patients. In the medical field, cryotherapy is the first defense against autoimmune diseases and various dermatological and nephrological problems.

How cryotherapy treatments take place

As for partial body cryotherapy, the patient is allowed to enter a cryosauna consisting of a cylindrical cabin which can be accessed individually while keeping the head outside. The cryosauna is cooled by liquid nitrogen and exposure to intense cold lasts from a minimum of one and a half minutes to a maximum of three minutes.

The cryochamber, on the other hand, is an environment consisting of 1 or 2 anterooms and a real cryochamber which can be accessed in groups of 3/4 people.

The rooms are large and welcoming and with temperatures that decrease from room to room. If there are 2 anterooms, the first has a temperature of -10 ° C and the second of -60 ° C. People pass without stopping. The anterooms have the purpose of stabilizing the temperature and avoiding the formation of humidity inside the main chamber.

Cryotherapy is performed in minimal clothing: the subject is generally in a bathing suit, and, in the case of the cryochamber, also wears protections for the extremities (gloves, socks, earmuffs) in wool or fleece and protective footwear with rubber soles or non-slip cork and a surgical mask which, by keeping the mouth and nose area warm, prevents humidity from being emitted into the air when exhaling.

In terms of effectiveness, in the cryochamber the whole body is subjected to low temperatures, therefore, the brain and the hypothalamus - our thermoregulation center - send signals to the whole organism. For this reason, only cryotherapy treated in cryochambers is defined as systemic.

Cryotherapy treatments are used in medical and rehabilitation facilities, spas and sports clubs.

The effects on the body are innumerable. Cryotherapy increases metabolism, and produces the release of endorphins, and, thanks to its anti-inflammatory capabilities, it decreases pain in muscles and joints, reduces swelling and increases mobility of the limbs.

It is better not to consider cryotherapy in case of severe acute or chronic cardiovascular diseases, tumors, infections, cold urticaria, severe respiratory failure, kidney failure, urinary problems ... In any case, it is always good to consult a doctor before proceeding with the treatment.

The pluses of boasts experienced staff in all cryotherapy treatments, and is therefore able to best advise its customers in the choice of processes and use of machinery.

On our portal are available both the instruments for local cryotherapy and cryochambers and cryosaunas for personal or professional use.

What happens during a cryosauna session?

The cryosauna transforms liquid nitrogen into its aerial form at a very low temperature with the aim of lowering the patient's surface temperature in a period of time that varies between one and a half and three minutes.

The skin reacts to the cold and sends signals to the brain which activates stimuli to regulate body functions, then releases anti-inflammatory proteins and endorphins into the bloodstream.

Is whole body cryotherapy a safe treatment?

Yes, each treatment is performed with the use of technologically advanced machinery that allow not only to check the patient's health status - and therefore to intervene in a timely manner - but also the proper functioning of the machine itself (which is checked daily by the staff ).

Can the body withstand such low temperatures? Will I be cold?

Yes, the human body is able to withstand a cryotherapy treatment because the latter stimulates the production of brown adipose tissue whose main function is to produce heat in response to low temperatures.

In addition, it has important properties in regulating body weight as it is able to control the level of adiposity through cryolipolysis and reduce triglyceride concentrations. The feeling of cold, of course, will be there during the session, however it is easily tolerated.

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