Since ancient times, cryotherapy was used for the well-being of the body: just think of the frigidarium, typical environment of the Roman spa where people were immersed in large tanks of cold water (cooled further, when possible, by the presence of snow). In short, already our ancestors knew about the beneficial effects of cold water on our bodies.
Cold therapy has evolved over the centuries arriving at the Kneipp route (born in the nineteenth century about thanks to the studies of the homonym Sebastian Kneipp) which is based on the sudden change in temperature to reactivate the blood circulation of the lower limbs.
Thanks to the advancement of modern technologies, cryotherapy has become a dry treatment, that is, without immersion in water. The frost bath, in fact, is carried out inside a cooled room through the use of liquid nitrogen.
There are really many benefits that can be derived from the constant use of cryotherapy treatments: on the one hand it is possible, in fact, to reduce recovery times; on the other they improve athletic performance. We should not be surprised, therefore, that more and more professional sportsmen choose cryotherapy from side by side with their weekly work and recovery activities post-workout muscle.
Rossonera cryotherapy: the case of A. C. Milan
Football is a sport in which injuries can knock out a player - maybe paid millions of euros - for many weeks. It is in the interest of the team to make available all the technologies and treatments necessary to speed up this recovery: it is the case of A. C. Milan who, since 2015, has adopted cryotherapy as an integral part of athletic recovery.
In particular, the cryocamera adopted by the milanese team consists of two environments: the first at -30°C - in which players stay about 30 seconds - and a second in which they reach between -110°C and I -160°C. Thanks to this rediscovery of Technology - Explained MilanLAB - have been able to halve recovery times.
Cryotherapy and Crusader injury: Lindsey Vonn
The lesion of the cruciate ligament it is probably one of the most feared by sportsmen of all kinds: footballers, skiers ... everyone knows that damage of this kind could represent the end of their professional athletic career. This is what happened to the ski champion Lindsey Vonn in February 2013 during the world championship.
In particular, the lesion involved the anterior cruciate ligament and the medial collateral ligament: a combination that could have stopped the young American. Faced with what would be expected as a long recovery period, Vonn has chosen to approach the cryotherapy with the use of ice compression which combines the advantages of cold therapy with static compression.
What happened as a result of a constant use of this therapy is under everyone's eyes: in 2015, just under two years after the accident, Lindsey Vonn won the World Championship by setting a new record race.
The secret of speed: Usain Bolt
Usain Bolt: a name (bolt, from English, lightning), a legend of athletics. The fastest man in the world, however, has a secret to running so fast: cryotherapy. After a back problem that had made him skip the appointment with the Diamond League on July 20, 2012, Bolt decided to rely on cold therapy to recover ahead of the London Olympics.
Just 7 days away, the games of the XXX Olympics and, on August 5, he won his first gold with an Olympic record. His feat does not end here because 4 days later he wins the 200 meters and completes the work by setting the world record in the 4x100 relay (complete with gold medal).
The extent of these victories, of course, is not only attributable to the use of cryotherapy; of course it's that this treatment has greatly accelerated his recovery so much so that it is capable of this enterprise.
In general, cryotherapy stands as a support to athletes at any level both for recovery and for a boost in performance. A therapy to be tackled never lightly but always consulting your doctor or your head coach.