What is phototherapy?
Our skin is like a giant solar panel and when it is hit by active light mitochondrial cytochromes producing energy that is made available to cells for the performance of their physiological functions.
LEDs (Light Emitting Diode) modulate the activity of living cells, increasing or reducing it, where it is pathologically altered to enhance their performance and improve their health status: this effect is called "photobiomodulation".
What is phototherapy for?
Light is essential to life but also to maintain a state of health and
well-being: rational use of LEDs stimulates tissue regeneration and has
an anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory action. In addition, thanks to improved blood and lymphatic circulation, it is used in lymphadenopathy and in the treatment of localised obesity.
In addition, it can operate the rejuvenating photo of the skin of the face, attenuating the micro-wrinkles and recomposing the tissues. Finally, it stimulates skin repair and is used to treat acne, chronic ulcers, enamel or hypertrophic scars.
Here are some of the main instructions for use:
- improve the microcycle
- increase drainage of tissues
- speed up the repair speed of tissues
- Reduce inflammation
- relieve pain related to arthritis
- reduce joint stiffness
- stimulate the production of collagen and elastin to counteract skin aging
- inhibit Propionibacterium Acnes, the bacterium that causes acne
- eliminate skin discomfort
How does phototherapy work?
Phototherapy is characterised by the use of LED lights. Light Emitting Diode is a special diode that emits coherent, monochromatic, non-collimated light. LEDs stimulate tissue regeneration by producing growth factors, stimulating cell mitosis, activating all-powerful cells and improving the microcycle.
Damaged or compromised cells can thus be repaired or regenerated, while cells with specific functions can perform their task more quickly and efficiently.
How is phototherapy treated?
There are two types of phototherapy: general and localized. As can be deduced from the name, the general involves the whole body while the localized one focuses on a specific area.
General and localized photo therapy
In the first case, the patient is made to sit on a cot with dark glasses to avoid direct contact with LED light. In the second case, however, light is applied only to the part of the body to be treated. In general, the duration of a sitting is between the 25th and 40th minutes.
LEDs emit different light frequencies with specific functional characteristics depending on the skin type or requirement:
- BLU light, 415 nm, penetrates through the epidermis and is able to counteract and inhibit the bacterium that causes acne as well as uniformize the grain of the skin
- The light ROSSA, 633 nm, penetrates to the skin, stimulates the production of collagen and elastin thanks to the photobiostimulation of fibroblasts, reducing wrinkles and skin aging
- VERDE light, 830 nm, penetrates deeply by increasing microcirculation, thereby decreasing inflammation, pain and stiffness
In order to intensify the results concerning muscle recovery, it is useful to integrate phototherapy with cryotherapy or physio-hydrotherapy treatments. If, however, the aim is to improve the functionality of the circulatory system, it is possible to combine these treatments with presstherapy or vacuum therapy.
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Are there any counterindications?
The main contraindication when it comes to phototherapy and, in general, treatments involving the use of high intensity lights is certainly linked to the eyes. Never look directly at the light. It is always advisable to use masks or glasses to avoid damage to the retina.
As always, it is good to consult a doctor before proceeding with this type of treatment. In general, phototherapy is avoided in case of pregnancy, tumours, bleeding and the use of immunosuppressants.
When can I see the results?
This varies depending on the starting situation or, to put it another way, the severity of the starting problem. For treatments closely linked to the beauty world, you can already appreciate the first results after 24 hours from the first treatment.
However, it is not advisable to interrupt sittings because cells need time to stabilise their internal processes.
Generally, it takes three weeks to two months in close relation to the frequency with which these treatments are carried out.
The phototherapy Can you improve your athletic performance?
By improving blood circulation, phototherapy allows you to bring more oxygen to the muscles and, consequently, improve your athletic performance.
Onescientific studyconducted on professional football players to 5, highlighted how athletes undergoing phototherapy had a longer stay on the field than those who did not receive treatment and were able to travel longer distances.